[INDOLOGY] Visualisation of Sanskrit Phonetics

Madhav Deshpande mmdesh at umich.edu
Sun Sep 26 18:36:20 UTC 2021

Thanks, Harry, for sharing these articles. Best,


Madhav M. Deshpande
Professor Emeritus, Sanskrit and Linguistics
University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
Senior Fellow, Oxford Center for Hindu Studies
Adjunct Professor, National Institute of Advanced Studies, Bangalore, India

[Residence: Campbell, California, USA]

On Sun, Sep 26, 2021 at 11:26 AM Harry Spier via INDOLOGY <
indology at list.indology.info> wrote:

> Dear all,
> There are two articles by SK Chatterji written 25 years apart titled "The
> Pronounciation of Sanskrit" , same title, different articles.  I'm
> attaching them for whoever is interested.
> Harry Spier
> On Sun, Sep 26, 2021 at 1:28 PM Hock, Hans Henrich via INDOLOGY <
> indology at list.indology.info> wrote:
>> Dear All,
>> As I recall, the issue of how Sanskrit is pronounced in modern (i.e.
>> early 20th-century) India is addressed in an article by Suniti Kumar
>> Chatterji –
>> Chatterji, Suniti Kumar. The pronunciation of Sanskrit. *Indian
>> Linguistics*, (1961) vol. 21, pp. 61-82. Originally: *K. B. Pathak
>> commemoration volume*, 330-349. Bhandarkar Oriental Research Institute,
>> 1934.
>> For the ancient period, there are the Prātiśākhyas of course (the source
>> for Allen’s and Verma’s publications; Vidhata Mishra largely repeats
>> Verma). On the earliest recoverable pronunciation of syllabic *ṛ* as
>> [ara] (with both [a]s a quarter mora), I have published a paper: Were ṛ and
>> ḷ velar in early Sanskrit? *Vidyā-Vratin: Professor A. M. Ghatage
>> felicitation **volume*, ed. by V. N. Jha, 69-94. (Sri Garib Dass
>> Oriental Series, 160.) Delhi: Sri Satguru Publications, 1992
>> To teach retroflex to American students I ask them to pronounce their *r* and,
>> while they are doing so, press the tongue hard against the roof of the
>> mouth, which produces a retroflex stop *ṭ* that is quite distinct from
>> their *t* sound.
>> In general, I have found it useful to adopt one of the regional variants
>> of modern Indian pronounciations (I use the northern one with *ri* for
>> *ṛ* and *gy* for *jñ* (while properly warning the students that these
>> are modern pronunciations). By becoming familiar with this way of
>> pronouncing Sanskrit students will find it easier to follow Indian
>> Sanskritists when they are speaking/pronouncing Sanskrit. I also urge
>> students to keep their aspirates and nonaspirates and their dentals and
>> retroflexes as distinct as possible, telling them that when I was beginning
>> to study Sanskrit I sometimes spent fruitless hours locating something in
>> the dictionary because of looking up under the “wrong *t*”.
>> I hope some of you will find these remarks interesting.
>> All the best – stay safe,
>> Hans Henrich
> _______________________________________________
> INDOLOGY mailing list
> INDOLOGY at list.indology.info
> https://list.indology.info/mailman/listinfo/indology
-------------- next part --------------
An HTML attachment was scrubbed...
URL: <https://list.indology.info/pipermail/indology/attachments/20210926/b78cb074/attachment.htm>

More information about the INDOLOGY mailing list