[INDOLOGY] Visualisation of Sanskrit Phonetics
j.jurewicz at uw.edu.pl
Sat Sep 25 14:10:53 UTC 2021
An eminent scholar and my colleague, Artur Karp, has just
rightly questioned in a personal letter if there are Sanskrit native
speakers. Well, there are villages in India where Sanskrit is spoken as the
first language, but Artur is right, the expression "Sanskrit native
speakers" was unfortunate.
Prof. dr hab. Joanna Jurewicz
Katedra Azji Południowej /Chair of South Asia Studies
Wydział Orientalistyczny / Faculty of Oriental Studies
Uniwersytet Warszawski /University of Warsaw
ul. Krakowskie Przedmieście 26/28
00-927 Warszawa , Poland
Department of Linguistics and Modern Languages
College of Human Sciences
Member of Academia Europaea
sob., 25 wrz 2021 o 15:07 Joanna Jurewicz <j.jurewicz at uw.edu.pl> napisał(a):
> What a wonderful website!
> I wish I could use ultrasonography when I teach my students to explain the
> Sandhi phenomena, e.g. cerebralisation of consonants (cerebral consonants
> are the most difficult consonants for Polish speakers).
> For example, it takes me much time to explain them how to pronounce the
> noun *kṛṣṇa. *I tell them that if they want to properly express it, they
> have to realise:
> 1) that they have to open their mouth slightly more than when they speak
> Polish and release the muscles of their chicks and other muscles of the
> lower part of their face,
> 1) that when they open the mouth slightly more and pronounce the guttural
> "k", they will have a lot of place between the tip of the tongue and the
> 2) that, having pronounced "k", they have to push the tip of the tongue
> slightly back (which is now not difficult thanks to creation of space in
> the mouth), and quickly move it in order to pronounce the vocalical "ṛ"
> (which is the same movement as in Polish "r"),
> 3) that, having pronounced "ṛ", they still have to keep their tongue
> back (to "yoke" it) in order to pronounce the sibilant "ṣ" (which is
> contrary to Polish habit to move the tongue a bit forward to pronounce the
> Polish consonant "sz", the same is for English "sh"),
> 4) that, having pronounced "ṣ", they still have to "yoke" their tongue in
> the same position to pronounce the cerebral "ṇ".
> I make funny faces when I try to "show" them this process, they laugh at
> me, and I ask them why they don't laugh at people at the gym who train
> various muscles of their body (which might look very funny too) and that
> the tongue is a muscle too, moreover its structure is unique to human
> species, because it allows us to speak. Then we come back to the exercises
> until they say "wow, if we push our tongue back and keep it there, there is
> no problems with "ṇ" !". Then they have to exercise until they are able
> to pronounce the word quickly.
> The fact that the larynx is placed slightly more below in Sanskrit
> pronunciation than in Polish is the upaniṣad and I teach it to them
> later on. I have some devices to explain how to lower one's larynx. But the
> video would be of much help.
> The movements of lips (generally speaking the whole vocal apparatus) are
> also different, but this is easier to be shown. And the role of breathing
> is crucial, of course (which I teach my students from the very beginning).
> If I had such a device, it would be easier for me to explain to them "the
> art of yoking of the tongue".
> It would be great if we could create such videos with Sanskrit native
> speakers which would take into account the invisible aspects of Sanskrit
> phonetics. I'd gladly take part in such an enterprise!
> Thank you very much, Adheesh. I will certainly use the page during my
> phonetics classes to show the movements of the tongue in general
> Best wishes,
> Prof. dr hab. Joanna Jurewicz
> Katedra Azji Południowej /Chair of South Asia Studies
> Wydział Orientalistyczny / Faculty of Oriental Studies
> Uniwersytet Warszawski /University of Warsaw
> ul. Krakowskie Przedmieście 26/28
> 00-927 Warszawa , Poland
> Department of Linguistics and Modern Languages
> College of Human Sciences
> Pretoria, RSA
> Member of Academia Europaea
> pt., 24 wrz 2021 o 02:47 adheesh sathaye via INDOLOGY <
> indology at list.indology.info> napisał(a):
>> Dear Marcis et al,
>> I don’t know if this will be useful for your purposes, but the
>> Linguistics department here at UBC has designed a website called
>> “eNunciate!” with various linguistics learning tools, including “Sounds of
>> the World’s Languages”, which provides videos illustrating the
>> pronunciation of a broad range of IPA consonants and vowels, including,
>> presumably, all sounds within the Sanskrit syllabary.
>> They feature both graphical representations like you are looking for, as
>> well as actual ultrasound captures of a live speaker.
>> The site can be accessed here:
>> Similar animated videos are found on the ArticulatoryIPA YouTube site:
>> For a list of correspondences between IPA and the Sanskrit syllabary, you
>> may consult Andrew Ollett’s excellent Sanskrit reference grammar (vṛddhiḥ)
>> at the Univ. of Chicago, here: http://prakrit.info/vrddhi/grammar/
>> I am also currently making youtube videos that you can find if search for
>> UBC Sanskrit on Youtube. These may or may not be useful.
>> With all best wishes,
>> Adheesh Sathaye
>> University of British Columbia
>> On Sep 22, 2021, at 04:56, Mārcis Gasūns via INDOLOGY <
>> indology at list.indology.info> wrote:
>> Is there something like this for Sanskrit (taken from
>> https://archive.org/details/dli.ernet.503070/page/99/mode/2up)? The
>> closes I've seen is https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hindustani_phonology but
>> it has not pictures, only a vowel chart.
>> https://archive.org/details/ACriticalStudyOfSanskritPhonetics_Mishra/img167_2R.jpg remains
>> the only book on Sanskrit phonetics?
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