[INDOLOGY] The term vakharī
Rolf Heinrich Koch
rolfheiner.koch at gmail.com
Tue Oct 26 18:43:10 UTC 2021
Just to make it clear, it is not Mayrhofer but Wright who refers to a
hypothetical Middle Indic form.
Why not contact Prof. Wright (via BSOAS London) and ask him.
Am 26.10.2021 um 19:54 schrieb Jim Ryan:
> I wrote to Andrew Ollett (U. Of Chicago) regarding “vaikharī” in
> Prakrit. He replied as below. I got his permission to post his reply
> as it adds to the discussion (and may in fact show that we might not
> be able to track the proper history of this word with current knowledge.)
> Dear Jim (if I may),
> I saw the discussion on INDOLOGY but didn't have too much to add.
> Mayrhofer interprets it, sensibly, as if it had come from a
> hypothetical Middle Indic form (I don't say "Prakrit" for reasons that
> will become clear) *vi-kṣarati, which is also the etymology of the
> Hindi word bikharnā "scatter." The Pāiyasaddamahaṇṇava
> an early dictionary of Prakrit, does give vikkhara- as a verbal stem,
> meaning to "scatter" or "spread," attested apparently in the
> Uvāṅgadasāo, an early Jain text. But in fact the usual "Prakrit" form
> of the root that appears in Sanskrit as *kṣar is jhar-. In fact, in
> the Prakrit texts I have (i.e., literary Prakrit, produced between the
> second and the twelfth centuries), I find neither vikkhara- or
> vijjhara-. While we're at it, an origin from *vikr̥ta- might be
> entertained as well.
> None of this, in any case, would explain why Bhartr̥hari should have
> chosen to use a Middle Indic form, or a form derived from Middle
> Indic, for a major element of his theory, especially when there was a
> Sanskrit term easily to hand. I know of no citations of vaikharī or
> similar words (*vēkharī, *vekkharī, *vaïkharī, *veharī, *vikkharī*,
> etc.) in Prakrit.
> I hope this helps, although I suspect it won't!
>> On Oct 24, 2021, at 6:38 AM, Rolf Heinrich Koch via INDOLOGY
>> <indology at list.indology.info> wrote:
>> Yes, it has a Prakrit origin as Madhev suspects. See
>> Mayrhofer, A Concise Etymological Sanskrit Dictionary, vol 3,p. 267
>> "vaikharī f. Name eines best. Lautes / name of a particular sound
>> (Up., u.a.): nach Wright, NCSL 24 falsch sanskritisiertes Patronym.
>> von mi. *vikkhara- < ai. viksarä- m. „Abfluß44 (AV), „Beiname
>> Visnus44 (ep.,u.a.)".
>> Am 24.10.2021 um 02:11 schrieb Jim Ryan via INDOLOGY:
>>> I’m curious about the term Vaikharī for articulated speech. In the
>>> /Encyclopedia of Indian Philosophies /volume on the Grammarians,
>>> judging from the index, it seems this term was first used by
>>> Bhartṛhari (at least in a grammatical context.) V. S. Apte cites the
>>> Mallinatha commentary on /Kumārasaṃbhava /for an authoritative
>>> reference of the word, but that is quite late (15th century.)
>>> Firstly, are there instances of this word used with any frequency
>>> before Bhartṛhari? Secondly, the lexicons give no good verbal root
>>> or root word for it. I note that the word /vaikṛtī /as “alteration”
>>> has a similar shape (and wouldn’t fit badly in the “articulated
>>> speech” category of Vāc), but I’m presuming that the word vaikharī
>>> is not a Prakrit-derived form. So… where and how do we get to this
>>> important term in language theory in India, which seems unrelated to
>>> any other common root or word?
>>> Jim Ryan
>>> Asian Philosophies and Cultures (Emeritus)
>>> California Institute of Integral Studies
>>> INDOLOGY mailing list
>>> INDOLOGY at list.indology.info
>> Dr. Rolf Heinrich Koch
>> INDOLOGY mailing list
>> INDOLOGY at list.indology.info
Dr. Rolf Heinrich Koch
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