[INDOLOGY] The term vakharī

Nagaraj Paturi nagarajpaturi at gmail.com
Sun Oct 24 04:35:08 UTC 2021


विखर इति देहेन्द्रियसङ्घात
उच्यते । तत्र भवा वैखरी ।


II.157 विवर्तते832
न तु वाचकाद्विभक्तं वाच्यमपि नाम किंचिदस्ति । तस्मात्
काल्पनिक एव वाच्यवाचकविभागोऽयमविद्यैव 833
श्रीयते । वाग्रूपता तत्त्वम्, सर्वत्र 834
तदनपायात् । यथोक्तम

वाग्र्पता चेदुत्क्रामेदवबोधस्य शाश्वती ।

प्रकाशः प्रकाशेत सा हि प्रत्यवमर्शिनी इति ॥


विखर एक प्राणाश है, उससे प्रेरित होने के कारण भी इस वाणी को वैखरी कहा जाता

On Sun, Oct 24, 2021 at 6:30 AM Madhav Deshpande via INDOLOGY <
indology at list.indology.info> wrote:

> Hi Jim,
> The older Vedic references to चत्वारि वाक् परिमिता पदानि have been
> continuously reinterpreted. चत्वारि पदजातानि नामाख्यातोपसर्गनिपाता: is an
> explanation that we see in pre-Bhartr̥hari sources. With Bhartr̥hari begins
> the expansion into पश्यन्ती, मध्यमा and वैखरी to which परा gets added at
> some point. You have raised an interesting question about the origin of the
> word वैखरी, if it is a Sanskritized Prakrit word.  The Sanskrit verb
> विकिरति seems to appear as बिखरना in Hindi and विखरणे in Marathi. I don't
> know how far back in Prakrit this can be attested. But looking at the word
> वैखरी, I would not be surprised if it has a Prakrit origin.
> Madhav
> Madhav M. Deshpande
> Professor Emeritus, Sanskrit and Linguistics
> University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
> Senior Fellow, Oxford Center for Hindu Studies
> Adjunct Professor, National Institute of Advanced Studies, Bangalore, India
> [Residence: Campbell, California, USA]
> On Sat, Oct 23, 2021 at 5:12 PM Jim Ryan via INDOLOGY <
> indology at list.indology.info> wrote:
>> Hi,
>> I’m curious about the term Vaikharī for articulated speech. In the *Encyclopedia
>> of Indian Philosophies *volume on the Grammarians, judging from the
>> index, it seems this term was first used  by Bhartṛhari (at least in a
>> grammatical context.) V. S. Apte cites the Mallinatha commentary on
>> *Kumārasaṃbhava *for an authoritative reference of the word, but that is
>> quite late (15th century.) Firstly, are there instances of this word used
>> with any frequency before Bhartṛhari? Secondly, the lexicons give no good
>> verbal root or root word for it. I note that the word *vaikṛtī *as
>> “alteration” has a similar shape (and wouldn’t fit badly in the
>> “articulated speech” category of Vāc), but I’m presuming that the word
>>  vaikharī is not a Prakrit-derived form.  So… where and how do we get to
>> this important term in language theory in India, which seems unrelated to
>> any other common root or word?
>> Jim Ryan
>> Asian Philosophies and Cultures (Emeritus)
>> California Institute of Integral Studies
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Nagaraj Paturi

Hyderabad, Telangana, INDIA.

Director, Indic Academy
BoS, MIT School of Vedic Sciences, Pune, Maharashtra
BoS Kavikulaguru Kalidasa Sanskrit University, Ramtek, Maharashtra
BoS Veda Vijnana Gurukula, Bengaluru.
Member, Advisory Council, Veda Vijnana Shodha Samsthanam, Bengaluru
BoS Rashtram School of Public Leadership
Editor-in-Chief, International Journal of Studies in Public Leadership
Former Senior Professor of Cultural Studies,
FLAME School of Communication and FLAME School of  Liberal Education,
Hyderabad, Telangana, INDIA.
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