[INDOLOGY] Anandasrama editions

Madhav Deshpande mmdesh at umich.edu
Fri Jul 17 21:44:09 UTC 2020

>From what I have seen of the Anandashram Printing Press and other printing
presses in the vicinity of where I grew up in Pune, after printing a
certain number of copies of a book, and occasionally not even the whole
book, but a few forms containing a certain number of pages, they had to
disassemble the metal type to be used to re typeset the next batch of
pages.  I have seen the tasks of assembling a page letter by letter, and
then disassembling it letter by letter.  This had to do with the cost of
purchasing the metal type sets and storing them for repeated use.  The
press at the Bhandarkar Institute was of a similar kind.  I have heard
discussions at the BORI about photographic reprinting of books and this
involved the matter of firing the old printing press staff etc.  These were
difficult decisions for institutions like the Anandashram and the BORI, and
the changes came only slowly.  At some point, I remember that Professor
K.S. Arjunwadkar started a business of computer typesetting called
ज्ञानमुद्रा within the building of Anandashram, and then he slowly helped
the Anandashram itself to usher into a technology change, including
photographic reprinting and photographing the manuscripts of the
institution.  The old leadership of these institutions like Professor R.N.
Dandekar was unfamiliar with the new technologies, and took a long time to
go for it.  I was a witness for the introduction of the first PC at the
BORI, as I was staying at the guesthouse of the BORI and had a laptop and a
printer in my room.  One day, Professors Dandekar, Ghatage and Mehendale
all came to my guesthouse room to see for themselves what this thing called
a computer was and what it could do.  I was myself just getting used to
this technology, but had by then designed my first Devanagari fonts using
the Chi-Writer software for PCs.  The question that these professors asked
me was if the computer could interpret the Sanskrit texts for them, and
when I said that it could not, they said that it was of no use to them.  I
am recounting this story just to say that change in technology came very
slowly to these deeply entrenched institutions.

Madhav M. Deshpande
Professor Emeritus, Sanskrit and Linguistics
University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
Senior Fellow, Oxford Center for Hindu Studies

[Residence: Campbell, California, USA]

On Fri, Jul 17, 2020 at 1:40 PM Elliot Stern via INDOLOGY <
indology at list.indology.info> wrote:

> Johannes is right. I have a physical set of the 2nd printing of
> Mīmāṃsādarśana in the Anandasrama series (various years, mostly or all in
> the 1970s). The pagination is different from the in the 1st printing. There
> are also new errors in the 2nd printing.
> I wonder why they reset type as late as the 1970s when some sort of
> photographic copying of the first printing books would have been possible.
> Happily, most or all of the first printing is available at archive.org.
> Elliot Stern
> On Jul 17, 2020, at 3:59 PM, Johannes Bronkhorst via INDOLOGY <
> indology at list.indology.info> wrote:
> Dear colleagues,
> Allen Thrasher put the following message on Indology (14.6.2017): "Jim
> Nye of the University of Chicago Library told me that when Anandasrama did
> a second edition of the same work it would start from scratch, so that
> another ASS edition of the same title will be a different text." I have
> meanwhile found that this appears to be true of its editions of the
> *Sarvadarśanasaṃgraha*.
> I have inspected two Ānandāśrama editions of the *Sarvadarśanasaṃgraha*:
> (1) one published in 1950;
> and
> (2) one published in 1977.
> Both are no. 51 in the series called *Ānandāśramasaṃskṛtagranthāvali*,
> and both also include Madhusūdana Sarasvatī's *Prasthānabheda*. According
> to the title pages, edition (1) is the third impression (*aṅkanāvṛtti*),
> edition (2) the fourth. Edition (1) has been prepared (*saṃśodhita*) by
> Vināyaka Gaṇeśa Āpaṭe with the help of the Pandits of the Ānandāśrama;
> edition (2) only by the Pandits of the Ānandāśrama. The text of the
> *Sarvadarśanasaṃgraha* covers 171 pages in edition (1); 174 pages in
> edition (2). Both editions contain the same list of manuscripts (
> *ādarśapustakollekhapatrikā*; edition (2) contains its first mistake in
> this list, misnaming ms. *gha* as *ba*) and the same list of chapters (edition
> (1) calls it *atha sarvadarśanasaṃgrahāntargatadarśanānām anukramaḥ*;
> edition (2) calls is *anukramaṇikā*). Edition (1) then has a preface to
> the second impression (*dvitīyāvṛttisaṃbandhi nivedanam*) and an
> introduction (*upodghāta*); edition (2) has neither of these two.
> The two editions are not identical. For example, edition (1) has, on p.
> 128 l. 15: *prasajyeteti cet na*; edition (2) (p. 130 l. 15) has just *
> prasajyeta*. Numerous other examples could no doubt be added.
> Interestingly, the editors of Erich Frauwallner's *Nachgelassene Werke II*
> (Wien 1992) thought that Frauwallner had used the Ānandāśrama edition of
> 1977 (abbreviation: SDS1) for his translation of parts of the chapter on
> Śaṅkara's philosophy (along with Abhyankar's edition), which is of course
> impossible (Frauwallner died in 1974). This sometimes leads to confusion,
> as when the editors point out on p. 200 fn. 108 that the last pāda of a
> śloka in the 1977 Ānandāśrama edition (p. 152 l. 22) "erscheint ... nur
> verstümmelt"; this is true, but this pāda is perfectly in order in the 1950
> edition (p. 150 l. 12).
> Johannes Bronkhorst
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> Elliot M. Stern
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> Philadelphia, PA 19143-2029
> emstern1948 at gmail.com
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