[INDOLOGY] Tamil pronunciation

Tieken, H.J.H. H.J.H.Tieken at hum.leidenuniv.nl
Mon Jun 3 07:00:07 UTC 2019

Dear Artur,

The Tamil script does not have letters for the voiced plosives (and no aspirates). For that it uses the corresponding voiceless plosives. After a nasal and between vowels k is pronounced  g: aṅku "there" is pronounces aṅgu, āku "to become", āgu or āhu. Word-initial k is pronounced k, as in kātal "love". So is double kk, as in the infinitive kākka "to protect". This phenomenon used to be known by the expression "convertibility of surds and sonants".
The "official" transcription is aṅku, āku, kātal, kākka. There is an unofficial transcription used in English language publications. For instance, kātali, " a lovely girl", is transcribed as kathali as well as kadhali.
In our youngest son's class in primary school there was a girl from Surinam called vasutha, that is, via vasutā, from Skt vasudhā.


Herman Tieken
Stationsweg 58
2515 BP Den Haag
The Netherlands
00 31 (0)70 2208127
website: hermantieken.com<http://hermantieken.com/>
Van: INDOLOGY [indology-bounces at list.indology.info] namens Artur Karp via INDOLOGY [indology at list.indology.info]
Verzonden: zondag 2 juni 2019 22:18
Aan: indology
Onderwerp: [INDOLOGY] Tamil pronunciation

Dear Friends,

Tamil இந்திய is transliterated as Intiya. Is it pronounced as Intiya - or Indiya?

Thanks in advance,

Artur Karp (ret.)

Uniwersytet Warszawski

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