Re: [INDOLOGY] kṣupnādi class of words and the word nagara

Harry Spier hspier.muktabodha at
Sat Jan 5 21:46:47 UTC 2019

Roland Steiner wrote:

> Cf. Böhtlingk/Roth (PW) s.v. nagara: "Das na wird in keinem comp. ṇa
> nach gaṇa kṣubhnādi zu P. 8, 4, 39." ("The na is not cerebralized in a
> compound according to gaṇa kṣubhnādi ...").
> Example: giri-nagara "mountain-city" (in contrast to
> giri-ṇadī/giri-nadī "mountain-torrent").

Why then do we have sūrya-nadī instead of sūrya-ṇadī,(from Monier-Williams)

Similarily also from Monier-Williams: why  sūrya-nakṣatra, sūrya-nārāyaṇa,
sūrya-namaskāra, sūrya-netra instead of , sūrya-ṇakṣatra, sūrya-ṇārāyaṇa,
sūrya-ṇamaskāra, sūrya-ṇetra

I've just now seen what Whitney writes: "This rule applies strictly and
especially when the nasal and the cause of its alteration lie within the
limits of the same integral word; but it is extended , within certain
limits, to compound words'.

What does he mean by "[applies] within certain limits to compound words."
Does he mean all compounds not containing  a word from gaṇa kṣubhnādi or
are there other restrictions to its application in compounds?

Harry Spier

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