Re: [INDOLOGY] The compound word bhūgola

Harry Spier hspier.muktabodha at
Tue Jun 26 23:44:56 UTC 2018

Dear Toke,

A search of the Muktabodha digital library shows bhūgola occurs in
ānandatantra,, īśvarapratyabhijñavivṛtivimarśinī, tantracintāmaṇi,
devīrahasya, puraścaryārṇava, yogavāsiṣṭha, yoginitantra,
śaktisaṁgamatantra, saundaryalaharī, and svacchandatantra

Harry Spier

On Tue, Jun 26, 2018 at 4:58 AM Toke Lindegaard Knudsen via INDOLOGY <
indology at> wrote:

> Dear all,
> I’m interested in the compound word bhūgola (and related terms, such as
> bhuvo golam, dharāgola, mahīgola, etc.). The word gola means ‘ball’ or
> ‘globe,’ and the compound word bhūgola means ‘the earth’s sphere.’
> The compound word bhūgola is used in the sense of ‘earth-sphere,’ ‘the
> earth’s sphere’ in astronomical texts since at least the Āryabhaṭīya
> (composed in 499 CE).
> I’m looking for uses of this compound word in texts and contexts other
> than the astronomical tradition of India. So far I’m aware of these
> instances:
> (1) The compound word bhūgola occurs in the some purāṇas. The
> Bhāgavatapurāṇa uses it five times; the Narasiṃhapurāṇa uses it twice; and
> the Brahmāṇḍapurāṇa uses the equivalent term mahīgola once.
> (2) Four philosophical texts use the compound word:
>   (a) Mokṣopaya (10th century) has dharāgola and bhūgola (Roland Steiner
> kindly helped me with the references from this work)
>   (b) Tattvacintāmaṇi (12th century)
>   (c) Nyāyasudhā (14th century)
>   (d) Saṃkhyasūtravivaraṇa (a late commentary)
> (3) The Gopālatāpanyupaniṣad (13th century or later) uses the compound
> word bhūgolacakra.
> (4) The Gītagovinda (12th century) uses the compound word once.
> (5) The Harivaṃśa uses it in one verse (a star-verse).
> (6) Some Bengal Vaiṣṇava works use the compound word; for example, the
> Gopālacampū of Jīva Gosvāmin (16th century) uses bhūmigola once; Rūpa
> Gosvāmin (16th century) uses the compound word as well.
> Does any of you know of other instances of the compound word bhūgola
> outside of the astronomical tradition? I’d greatly appreciate learning of
> instances I’ve missed.
> Many thanks in advance.
> With all best wishes,
> Toke
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