Re: [INDOLOGY] paṅgu / paṅku [2nd sending]

Rolf Heinrich Koch rolfheiner.koch at
Sun Aug 20 12:51:15 UTC 2017

Besides many quotations in Tamil-literature I know the following two 
references in Prakrit (Apabhraṃśa)-literature:

1. Svayambhu Paumacariu (Ramastory)

26.11.3: jo katthūriya-paṅkuppaṅkiu  jo ari-karihi ṇa ḍohevi sakkiu

2. Sanatkumāracaritam (H. Jacobi)

546: ...valaya-panku....


In Sri Lanka I came across the word paṅku meaning "share of (land 
etc.)".  This is probably of Tamil origin. Codrington: Ancient Land 
Tenure...,p. 15.

If the word denotes a share of land, then the etymological discussion 
should also think about the 5-kuṭi-sized lands (pan-kuṭi), and we are 
back in the Sanskrit-world.



Am 19.08.2017 um 22:18 schrieb Elliot Stern via INDOLOGY:
> I would like to draw on the collective manuscript reading experience of our list members. A Sanskrit word paṅgu is well known in dictionaries and printed texts. It denotes a ‘lame person’. In a passage of the ms of svaditaṅkaraṇī  (a palm leaf Malayalam script ms), a commentary on nyāyakaṇikā, this word appears only as paṅku with many repetitions in a long comment on a line in vidhivivekaḥ.. It is possible to argue that this reading paṅku should be corrected to paṅgu, because paṅku and paṅgu are both pronounced the same in the Malayalam language (i.e., the k is pronounced as g). This argument, however, seems weak to me. First, other words like prasaṅga always appear as expected in the svaditaṅkaraṇī ms. Second, a most likely 16th century devanāgarī ms of nyāyakaṇikā certainly reads paṅku in two of the three occurrences of paṅgu later in the commentary, and probably in all three of them (the first fifty or so folia of this ms, that would include the passage on which svaditaṅkarraṇī comments, are not available). In two of these instances, we see a correction to paṅgu, but one stands uncorrected. Third, the ms. of juṣadhvaṅkaraṇī (also a palm leaf Malayalam script ms) reads paṅku a few times, and also consistently renders words like prasaṅga as expected.
> I have two questions. First, have you seen the reading paṅku, especially in mss not written in South Indian scripts? Second, are there any etymological or other discussions of the term paṅgu / paṅku not referenced in standard works like Burrows' and Emeneau’s DED or the Turners’  CDIAL?
> Elliot M.Stern
> _______________________________________________
> INDOLOGY mailing list
> indology-owner at (messages to the list's managing committee)
> (where you can change your list options or unsubscribe)


More information about the INDOLOGY mailing list