[INDOLOGY] sex and gender

patrick mccartney psdmccartney at gmail.com
Thu Aug 17 02:11:01 UTC 2017


It sounds like this habitat centre talk was more a homophobic hate group
than anything else.

These assertions *>>**Some difference between gay partnership and
heterosexual marriage is necessary. He argued that children adopted by
gays are very likely going to acquire a gay syndrome. This is going to be
unhealthy for the institution of family which is already under many threats
and is almost on the verge of extinction in Europe and America.*

are absolutely ludicrous. I do not see how someone like yourself is able to
articulate a sentence with the phrase "gay syndrome" in it, as if it has an
idiopathic etiology, and, as you implicitly phrase, a problem. Perhaps we
should get Ramdev's yoga involved to cure this 'mental illness'?

You and your colleagues seem exceptionally misinformed about child
wellbeing. I would strongly urge you to explore the literature on
children's wellbeing in gay families - which is abundant, here is one

Further to the point, if you are going to talk about the decline of
population as directly caused by, as you put it, 'the gays', and if Putin,
etc is so worried about population decline, perhaps they should look at the
neo-liberal system that places excessive economic pressure and job
instability on the younger generations, who feel unable to actually support
a family, and hence, either choose to not marry, marry later, or not have
kids at all

Also, a significant problem is the 50% reduction in the viability of male
semen https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2818620/

How can you honestly say that the LGBTI population, which across the globe
makes up less than 5% of the population, is to blame for wrecking families,
*>> Under the garb of providing equality the same right lobby is going to
create greater instability as gay marriages do not hold any particular
assurances of stability.*


I'll give you a very personal, anecdotal example. My auntie is a lesbian
and has been in a stable, monogamous relationship for over 30 years. I know
of many stable homosexual partnerships that have lasted as long, if not
longer, than many heterosexual partnerships.

 How can the 'gay syndrome' be the cause of the decline of the family, when
most families are nominally heterosexual, and they are the ones that are
responsible for estrangement and divorce?

All the best,

Patrick McCartney, PhD
School of Culture, History & Language
College of the Asia-Pacific
The Australian National University
Canberra, Australia, 0200

Skype - psdmccartney
Phone + Whatsapp:  +61 414 954 748
Twitter - @psdmccartney

*bodhapūrvam calema* ;-)

academia <https://patrickmccartney.academia.edu/>



Edanz <https://www.edanzediting.com/expert/anthropology/patrick-mccartney>



Modern Yoga Research <http://www.modernyogaresearch.org/events/>

#yogabodyANU2016 symposium <https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=X80KxW2bb0w>

Yoga Fundamentalism - Part 1

Yoga Fundamentalism - Part 2

Politics beyond the yoga mat

The Sanitising Power of Spoken Sanskrit

Imagining Sanskrit Land

Ep1 - Imagining Sanskrit Land <https://youtu.be/jMi7tkPBbJ4>

Ep 2 - Total-am <https://youtu.be/7tAp8m9RHPU>

Ep 3 - Jalam ≠ Chillum <https://youtu.be/cLZeuCT_mwQ>

Ep 4 - It's Time to get Married

A Day in our Ashram

OzHarvest <https://youtu.be/r1E-XWWBmvw>

Stop animation short film of Shakuntala

Forced to Clean Human Waste <http://youtu.be/y3XfjbwqC_g>

One of my favourite song <http://trinityroots.bandcamp.com/track/all-we-be>s

The Philosophy of Cycling

Plato's Cave

Endangered Languages MOOC

Blackfella-Whitefella <https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=M_DHwp5vYBI>

Triction <http://www.urbandictionary.com/define.php?term=triction>

On Wed, Aug 16, 2017 at 8:28 PM, Nagaraj Paturi via INDOLOGY <
indology at list.indology.info> wrote:

> This is a report published in another list:
> Prof *Bharat Gupt*, a classicist and dharma shastra scholar gave a talk
> at the Habitat Centre on Nov 25 on "Hindu View of Homosexuality." He examined
> the issue along with a fellow speaker and discussant Dr. Come Carpentier.
> He observed that talking about the Rights of the Homosexual/Gay individuals
> seems to be one of the major agendas of social reforms in India today. Many
> people think that ancient Hindu ideas were entirely compatible with the
> views of modern European and American notions.
>     Therefore it was imperative that one goes to see the classical texts
> to collect evidence on the status and life of homoerotic individuals in
> ancient India. One hears all the time, he said,  the usual sentiment that
> as Hinduism is a very tolerant culture, that it was totally open
> homosexuality and that it was more modern than the moderns. Many people
> argue, like the scholars of the Hare Krishna order, that as Hinduism
> believes that every human being is part of Supreme Being Brahma,
> homosexuals cannot be considered as beings of lower category. They also
> think, with out any evidence,  that in the Vedic age, homosexuals were
> fully integrated into social and monastic orders. Prof Guptsaid that most
> of these sentiments are uninformed.
>     Talking about the textual evidence, Prof Gupt mentioned that the
> *KAMASUTRA* of Vatsyayana, does define a third order of humans called the *'tritiiyaa
> prakriti'* or third nature. This third nature persons are of two kinds,
> one of the female kind and the other of the male sort *("dvividhaa
> tritiityaaprkritih, striiruupinii* *purusharuupinii ca."* 2.9.1).
> Vatsyayana goes on to say that "she", who behaves like a woman, is to be
> employed for oral sex ("*tasyaa vadane jaganakarma tadauparisht.akamm
> aachakshate"* 2.9.3). She was a paid sex-worker like a courtesan (*'vaishyaavat
> charitam prakaashayet'* 2.9.5) . For the male kind who has the desire for
> males but who cannot make her nature very evident, 'he' should take to the
> profession of massage-giver and thus coming into contact with males satisfy
> them through oral sex (2.9.6-10). In this context the act of
> *auparisht.aka* is described in detail in the *Kamasutra*.
>     The ancient Hindu society, as is evident here, did not consider the
> homosexuals as perverts or sinners. As the term, *tritiiya-prakriti* or
> third nature describes them, they are being themselves, they are being
> natural. This is the primary difference between the Christian and the Hindu
> attitude. Christianity did not accept the third nature and hence imposed a
> punishment on their activities.
>     For the Hindu social order the homoerotic were not expected to follow
> the heterosexual norms of behaviour. So they cannot be blamed for being
> what they are. And for this reason, accepting their nature, they were
> not excommunicated or purged from human societies. They had to be given a
> place in it and they were to be protected and prevented from harm by the
> State. The *Arthashastra *prescribes a fine for those who persecuted a
> homoerotic person (3.18.4) and it does not prohibits making of eunuchs
> even  in the conquered population by a king by castrating captured males of
> the vanquished (13.5.13). Thus Hindu society accepted the third nature of
> persons who were born with it and did not want to replicate them for any
> purpose of social engineering. Prof Gupt said that Christians promoted
> homosexuals to practice religious castration and Muslims profusely
> castrated the vanquished populations to create classes of menial and
> warrior slaves. Dr. Come Carpentier pointed out that modern corporations
> want to promote homoeroticism as homosexuals not having the burden of
> families are great consumerists and hence great customers.
>     While accepting the third nature persons, the ancient Hindus gave them
> a special place in the social order. They were designated to be part of the
> class of sex-workers and performers of music and dance. As till around the
> 10 century prostitution was a legal profession, taxed and protected by the
> State and enshrined as duty of the king in the dharmashastra texts, the
> homoerotics as part of the class of courtesans, musicians, dancers and
> performers had the legal protection and their incomes and their sustenance
> ensured. This position was certainly not respectable and was disadvantaged,
> as it was of a lower category. In fact, it was out of the *varna* order
> or *varnabaahya*. But they also had the freedom/advantage of not having
> any obligations of adopting/ raising any children or performing the rituals
> for ancestor worship which was a major obligation for the *varna* Hindus.
> Difficult for us to imagine today, it was a free life in a major way.
>     Prof Gupt pointed out that ancient Hindu society envisaged marriage
> as primarily devoted to procreation and raising of able and educated
> individuals who would contribute to society by performing duties to living
> and the ancestors. While pleasure (*rati*) was one aspect of sexuality,
> *dharma* (obligations) and *artha* (commerce) and moksha (liberation)
> were the other three. As the kinnars were not capable of doing obligations
> they were made into a special class and given a *jati* or guild. It may
> also be pointed out that many homoerotics, impotents or sperm-count
> deficient persons continued to be part of usual varnas and jatis. Ways were
> found to provide them heirs one method being niyoga.
>         Coming to the present day situation, Prof Gupt said that
> historical developments have jumbled up the ancient solution. The Islamic
> intervention in the medieval period altered the status and social
> acceptability of the homoerotic class. The performing arts of theatre and
> dance were now taboo in urban life and prostitution lost its legal
> and respectable status though still preserving itself as a repository of
> music and dance. However, homoerotics had a much greater employment in
> harems of Sultans and Rajas and a connection with espionage as of yore.
>     It is the British who delivered the stroke of grace for the
> homoerotics. The Biblical and Christian prejudice against sodomy turned the
> kinnars of India into criminals. It delegitimized the profession they had
> earlier and prevented them from taking to a new one. As Indians have been
> too slow to alter the Criminal Procedure Code, the section stating
> punishment for homoerotic contact has not been still eliminated from Indian
> Law. It should be soon done away with the traditional freedom restored. But
> the dismemberment of these people from social order created by the British
> cannot be restored so easily. It would take some serious research to find
> out what are they now tending towards as professions. At a cursory glance
> one may say they are to be found a lot in fashion and film industry.
>     Prof Gupt, then commented upon the contentious issue seizing the
> arena of debate, whether gay marriage should be legalized or not. He
> expressed his candid opinion that while gay cohabitation should not be
> illegal, persecuted or even frowned upon, giving the same rights to gaycohabiters
> as to the married heterosexuals couples is not advisable. Some difference
> between gay partnership and heterosexual marriage is necessary. He argued
> that children adopted by gays are very likely going to acquire a gay syndrome.
> This is going to be unhealthy for the institution of family which is
> already under many threats and is almost on the verge of extinction in
> Europe and America.
>     Dr. Come Carpentier made the most revealing suggestion that Western
> fascination with homoeroticism is based on consumerism. Under the garb of
> providing equality the same right lobby is going to create greater
> instability as gay marriages do not hold any particular assurances of
> stability. He agreed that adopted children of gays are very likely to be
> gay and thus we create unnatural gays. Putin has explicitly stated that
> Russia under a population decline and they need more children which gay marriages
> are not going to provide. Dr.Carpentier said, that gays are asking asking
> for unrestricted cohabitation, then property inheritance and finally all
> the parity with non-gay marriage.
>     The talk was followed by a very animated and prolonged discussion.
> Many in the audience believed that there should be no discrimination and as
> increasing the population was no longer a necessity in the modern world,
> gay marriages are in no way detrimental to society while others thought
> them bad for the instition named as family.
> On Wed, Aug 16, 2017 at 2:52 PM, Lubomír Ondračka via INDOLOGY <
> indology at list.indology.info> wrote:
>> Dear Shyam,
>> in such a case, a normal starting point would be any standard reference
>> work. I would recommend e.g. Brill's Encyclopedia of Hinduism. The main
>> article on this topic, Karen Pechilis' entry "Gender" (vol. 4, pp.
>> 788-805), has an extensive and up-to-date bibliography. Plus this theme is
>> discussed in several other entries in this Encyclopedia (they are easily to
>> be found using an index).
>> Best,
>> Lubomir
>> On Tue, 15 Aug 2017 22:44:14 -0400
>> Shyam Ranganathan via INDOLOGY <indology at list.indology.info> wrote:
>> > Dear all,
>> >
>> > This is a question from a colleague who is not on the list. This
>> > colleague teaches a course on Sex and Gender theory and is interested in
>> > articles that addresses the topic from differing cultural vantages. I
>> > was asked about what was available on the topic that discusses the issue
>> > from the perspective of the Indian tradition.  I didn't know what to
>> > say. I'd be grateful for any suggestions.
>> >
>> > Thanks,
>> >
>> > Shyam
>> >
>> >
>> > --
>> >
>> > ShyamRanganathan
>> >
>> > MA,MA, PhD
>> >
>> > Department of Philosophy
>> >
>> > York University, Toronto
>> >
>> > shyam-ranganathan.info <http://shyam-ranganathan.info/>
>> >
>> > /The Bloomsbury Research Handbook of Indian Ethics
>> > <http://www.bloomsbury.com/uk/the-bloomsbury-research-handbo
>> ok-of-indian-ethics-9781472587770/>/
>> >
>> > /Patañjali`s Yoga Sūtras
>> > <http://penguin.co.in/book/classics/patanjalis-yoga-sutra/>/
>> (Translation,
>> > Edition and Commentary)
>> >
>> > /Translating Evaluative Discourse: The Semantics of Thick and Thin
>> > Concepts <https://philpapers.org/rec/SHYTED>/
>> >
>> > Full List, Publications <https://philpapers.org/s/shyam%20ranganathan>
>> >
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> --
> Nagaraj Paturi
> Hyderabad, Telangana, INDIA.
> BoS, MIT School of Vedic Sciences, Pune, Maharashtra
> BoS, Chinmaya Vishwavidyapeeth, Veliyanad, Kerala
> Former Senior Professor of Cultural Studies
> FLAME School of Communication and FLAME School of  Liberal Education,
> (Pune, Maharashtra, INDIA )
> _______________________________________________
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