[INDOLOGY] Does anyone know of Sanskrit works that use 2nd-syllable rhyming?

Andrew Ollett andrew.ollett at gmail.com
Tue Jul 28 05:14:26 UTC 2015

Second-syllable rhyme is also a sine qua non in Kannada poetry, and
Jayakīrti uses it in his definitions/examples (all in Sanskrit) of
different verse-forms in the Chandonuśāsana (ca. 1000 CE)---not just in the
seventh chapter, where J. exemplifies some Kannada meters, but also
occasionally in the sixth, which treats of Prakrit and Apabhraṃśa meters.

According to Yigal Bronner and David Shulman ("A Cloud Turned Goose" in
IESHR 43 in 2006), it's also used in later Sanskrit works by Tamil authors
(Śākalya Malla's *Udārarāghava* and Nīlakaṇṭha Dīkṣita's *Śivalīlārṇava*).

On Tue, Jul 28, 2015 at 10:15 AM, Dominic Goodall <dominic.goodall at gmail.com
> wrote:

> A late reaction to an earlier thread.
> Setting aside the question of dating, which is so often contentious, I am
> always *amazed* when people tell me that they are not convinced that the
> *Bhāgavatapurāṇa* is a Southern production.  The work is full of Southern
> touches, many of which have been pointed out by a variety of scholars over
> the last century.  Yes, ok, there are also Northern touches, but why should
> that be surprising for a Southern work ?  The South seems always long to
> have been more conscious of the North than the North has been of the
> South.  It is full, for example, of rather long-standing Northern sacred
> toponyms (Tenkasi = “Benares of the South”; Madurai = Mathurā, etc.; and,
> of course Southern rivers are regularly equated with the Gaṅgā and Yamunā),
> whereas there are no old instances of a “Northern” Kāñcī or Śrīraṅgam or
> Chidambam, nor of the "Kāverī of the North”.
> Or are there ?
> Similarly, the high literary style of the Bhāgavata, involving, in some
> parts, a high concentration of Vedic archaisms seems sometimes to be
> mentioned as though it were a factor that might suggest high antiquity and
> a provenance somewhere in the North.  But at what time in any part of the
> Sanskritic world would Vedic literature not have been prestigious and
> accessible to Veda-knowers seeking to write in a consciously archaising
> style?
> But what about an element of style that not nearly as many authors would
> have been similarly motivated to copy ?
> Second-syllable rhyming, in which just the consonant of the second
> syllable of each verse-quarter is rhymed, is abundantly present in
> post-Sangam Tamil literature and ubiquitous (or, if not, at least pretty
> nearly so) in the devotional literature of the Āḻvārs and Nāyaṉmārs, while
> being extremely rare in Sanskrit verse composition.  An example will make
> this clear:
> BhP_10.31.001/1 ja*ya*ti te 'dhikaṃ janmanā vrajaḥ śra*ya*ta indirā
> śaśvad atra hi
> BhP_10.31.001/3 da*yi*ta dṛśyatāṃ dikṣu tāvakās tva*yi* dhṛtāsavas tvāṃ
> vicinvate
> BhP_10.31.002/1 śa*ra*dudāśaye sādhujātasatsa*ra*sijodaraśrīmuṣā dṛśā
> BhP_10.31.002/3 su*ra*tanātha te 'śulkadāsikā va*ra*da nighnato neha kiṃ
> vadhaḥ
> BhP_10.31.003/1 vi*ṣa*jalāpyayād vyālarākṣasād var*ṣa*mārutād
> vaidyutānalāt
> BhP_10.31.003/3 vṛ*ṣa*mayātmajād viśvato bhayād ṛ*ṣa*bha te vayaṃ rakṣitā
> muhuḥ
> BhP_10.31.004/1 na *kha*lu gopīkānandano bhavān a*khi*ladehinām
> antarātmadṛk
> BhP_10.31.004/3 vi*kha*nasārthito viśvaguptaye sa*kha* udeyivān sātvatāṃ
> kule
> I had long thought that this argument, expressed in 1996, would be a
> clincher, at least for the devotional verses in which second-syllable
> rhyming occurs, for proving Southernness, since I don’t know of any other
> Sanskrit works that use this feature.
> But Sanskrit literature is vast, hence this appeal:
> Does anyone know of any other Sanskrit works that use such 2nd-syllable
> rhyming?
> Dominic Goodall
> École française d'Extrême-Orient,
> 19, rue Dumas,
> Pondicherry 605001
> Tel. +91 413 2334539
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