Re: [INDOLOGY] {भारतीयविद्वत्परिषत्} Question on Sanskrit Syntax

Madhav Deshpande mmdesh at
Wed Dec 31 11:43:58 UTC 2014

Thanks, Ashok.  On another list (BVP), Dr. H.N. Bhatt pointed out that the
Nāradasmṛti has the reading ācārāt prāpyate svarga ācārāt prāpyate sukham.
This supports the assumption that in this verse, svarga and svargam are
most likely oral/scribal variants, and the origin of the reading svargam
could be accounted for in the way you have shown the parallel of svādu(m)
udumbaram.  Best,


On Wed, Dec 31, 2014 at 3:30 AM, Ashok Aklujkar <ashok.aklujkar at>

> Dear Madhav,
> It does not seem to be a question of syntax to me. Accepting that m has
> been interposed in svarga aacaaraat** would in my view be the most
> straightforward solution. Instances of such interposing are not common, but
> they do exist. For want of time and because I did not record them when I
> came across them, I cannot give a list, but I do recall coming across them.
> The one which I am cite at present is svaadum udumbaram
> ( 7.15?), appearing where one expects svaadu udumbaram.
> **svarga aacaaraat would result from  svarga.h aacaaraat with the loss of
> the visarga in sandhi.
> While preferring lectio difficiliors is justified in many cases, that
> principle of textual criticism cannot be applied with the same conviction
> when its application leads to an ungrammatical construction in an otherwise
> grammatical work.
> While I have enjoyed reading the subtle grammatical discussions, they all
> result in making one verse quarter unlike the other three quarters of the
> verse. It is not probable that the author who writes simple, flowing verses
> elsewhere would suddenly and in one instance only introduce a rare
> construction.
> It is possible that interposing of m occurred only in those situations in
> which two vowels stood immediately next to each other (as in svaadu
> udumbaram or svarga aacaaraat) and thus ran counter to the very dominant
> 'vowel consonant vowel' or 'consonant vowel consonant' feature of Sanskrit
> sentence constituents.
> It is also possible that sukham at the end of the fourth quarter exerted
> influence on the last word of the third quarter and changed it from svarga
> to svargam, but we do not need to make the problematic svargam reading rest
> primarily or solety on that possibility.
> a.a.
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> INDOLOGY mailing list

Madhav M. Deshpande
Professor of Sanskrit and Linguistics
Department of Asian Languages and Cultures
202 South Thayer Street, Suite 6111
The University of Michigan
Ann Arbor, MI 48104-1608, USA

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