[INDOLOGY] vikira - a body of water?

Rohana Seneviratne rohana.seneviratne at orinst.ox.ac.uk
Wed Oct 16 15:48:15 UTC 2013

See: Ayurveda Saukhyam of Todarananda

Materia Medica of Ayurveda - p. 221. 

Best Wishes,
Rohana Seneviratne
DPhil Student in Sanskrit
The Oriental Institute
Faculty of Oriental Studies
University of Oxford
Pusey Lane, Oxford
United Kingdom

Email: rohana.seneviratne at orinst.ox.ac.uk
Web: http://users.ox.ac.uk/~pemb3753/

From: INDOLOGY [indology-bounces at list.indology.info] on behalf of Adheesh Sathaye [adheesh1 at gmail.com]
Sent: Wednesday, October 16, 2013 2:44 PM
To: Vitus Angermeier
Cc: indology at list.indology.info
Subject: Re: [INDOLOGY] vikira - a body of water?

Dear Vitus,

Perhaps it is related to a "niṣyandaja" (trickle-born) type of water described in the pānabhoga section of the Mānasollāsa of Someśvara: (verse 1609 in vol. 2, p137)

vālukāsu karair gartaṃ kṛtvā yat prāpyate jalam |
utkṣepaṇena nairmalyaṃ yāti niṣyandajaṃ hi tat ||

this water seems to be created by digging a hole in the sandy banks of the river, and letting it fill up with (river) water. The water moving up (utkṣepaṇa) through the sand gives it filtration (nairmalyam).

so perhaps the "vikīrya" in your sentence corresponds to this utkṣepaṇa. I'm not terribly convinced by my own explanation, however.

Best wishes,


Adheesh Sathaye
Department of Asian Studies
University of British Columbia

On Oct 16, 2013, at 12:49 PM, Vitus Angermeier wrote:

> Dear Colleagues,
> I've never posted to this list before but got a lot of great information
> by reading Your messages over the last years. Thank you all for that!
> I am a PhD-Student at the University of Vienna working on water in
> classical Ayurveda.
> At the moment I am struggling with the meaning of vikira as it is used in
> one instance in the Suśrutasaṃhitā (1.54.4) in a list of bodies of water.
> Suśruta tells us nothing about it but the Commentator Ḍalhaṇa explains:
> vikiraṃ vālukādi vikīrya gṛhyamāṇodakasthānaṃ
> which I understand as "vikira is a body of water which gets visible after
> sand was dispersed."
> That doesen't help me much at the moment and I couldn't find other
> occurrences of the word, which could clarify the meaning.
> I'd be very happy about any helpful advices.
> Best,
> Vitus Angermeier
> --
> Vitus Angermeier
> Institut für Südasien-, Tibet- und Buddhismuskunde
> Universität Wien
> Spitalgasse 2-4/2.1
> A-1090 Wien
> Tel.: ++43-(0)1-4277 435 17
> mail: vitus.angermeier at univie.ac.at
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