Jean-Luc CHEVILLARD jean-luc.chevillard at UNIV-PARIS-DIDEROT.FR
Thu Sep 22 16:40:38 UTC 2011

Dear Arlo,

for what it is worth,
let me reproduce
(as well as I can in 7-bit mode)
one entry from the
tamil_k kalvet.t.uc
(vol. 1)
(dated 2002)

[published by
chennai -- 600 028]

[edited by Y. Subbarayalu]

p. 268

ceen_aapati (pe) pat.aittalaivar (771)
ippras'asti paat.in_a ceen_aapati
(EI, xvii, 16.); (1000) kot.umpaal.uur ut.aiyaan_
ceen_apatikal. maturaantaka;koo ...
(SII, xvii, 509)


-- Jean-Luc

P.S. and or course,
I am wondering how much that has to do with my favorite
tolkaappiyam commentator (ceen_aavaraiyar)


On 22/09/2011 08:37, Arlo Griffiths wrote:
> Dear colleagues,
> Allow me to pose a question about a phenomenon that I am probably not 
> yet grasping in its full extent and complexity. I have the impression 
> that several vernacular epigraphical traditions (maybe Sanskrit 
> epigraphical traditions too) in the second millennium CE (maybe earlier 
> too) rather frequently present persons with the title senaapati as 
> protagonist, with no other title (in some regions not even royal titles) 
> coming close in terms of frequency. I have thus far seen inscriptions in 
> Old Malay, Old Cam and Tamil, of the 11th-13th centuries, where 
> senaapatis are the main actors in the events/transactions recorded.
> My question is: are we to imagine that these were all military men in a 
> literal sense? Or may we imagine a militaristic model of the state where 
> even those high functionaries who were not actually ever leading armies 
> were nevertheless awarded military titles?
> I would appreciate references to discussions of the status of senaapatis 
> in individual parts of South and Southeast Asia or --- even better --- 
> discussions transcending regional/linguistic boundaries.
> Many thanks.
> Arlo Griffiths
> EFEO/Jakarta

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