order of letters
ebashir at UCHICAGO.EDU
Wed May 19 14:02:07 UTC 2010
This would seem to be an important issue for electronic dictionaries -
in connection sorting and searching.
On 5/19/2010 8:38 AM, Herman Tull wrote:
> I am putting together some simple rules for first year students. In
> dealing with the order of the letters, there is the ever present
> confusion over the placement of anusvAra and visarga. I notice that
> Monier Williams and Macdonell are consistent in their placement of the
> anusvara (placing it after the vowels when it precedes the semi-vowels
> or the sibilants). But, they seem not to agree on the placement of
> the visarga. Macdonell follows the rule that he states in his student
> grammar (p. 3), that the visarga follows the vowels when it precedes
> "k" and "p" and that it when it precedes a sibilant it is placed in
> the consonantal order of the sibilants. E.g., on p. 17 of his
> dictionary he has an article for antaH-ka... and then on p. 18 he has
> the article for antaH-sa...
> Monier-Williams, on the other hand, combines this all into one article
> (p. 43, "antaH"), and so does not distinguish between visarga before
> "k" and "p" on the one hand, and before the sibilants on the other,
> treating all of it as if it precedes "antar" (which seems incorrect,
> since antaH-sa would not precede antar according to the rule).
> A small matter (especially with the advent of the electronic
> dictionary), perhaps, but can anyone shed light on this?
> Herman Tull
E. Bashir, Ph.D., Senior Lecturer in Urdu
Department of South Asian Languages and Civilizations
The University of Chicago, Foster 212
1130 E. 59th St.
Chicago, IL 60637
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