witzel at FAS.HARVARD.EDU
Tue Jun 2 21:37:37 UTC 2009
Corrections are written on any margin: left, right, top or bottom and
usually marked by a small cross (looks like this +), kakapada, or
also some other sign(s).
This can be found from Kashmir to Comorin, whatever the script. (Not
to be confused with secondary word dividers or Vedic accents).
Sometimes also found above the word, especially as small glosses,
tippani. In old MSS and in more recent ones. (I have seen it in those
from c. 1150-1800, don't remember it for older ones such as the
Skandapurana from Nepal, early 9th c., or Gandhara and Xinjiang MSS).
Paleontologists have discussed this before, since Buehler. A nice
list is found in a local Nepalese paleography which I do not have at
On Jun 2, 2009, at 1:27 PM, Ashok Aklujkar wrote:
> In the name avacuur.ni/nii used for a commentary or subcommentary
> type, the
> intention behind using the prefix ava could originally have been to
> that the glosses are written below -- below the lines or in the
> lower parts
> of pages. I recall seeing mss where the avacuur.ni was written in
> the lower
> parts of pages, but I do not recall if the mss concerned were old
> or recent.
> The avacuur.ni/.nii type seems to have been more common among the
> Jains and
> in the central-western part of India (Gujarat-Rajasthan area).
> My impression, however, is that corrections, additions and glosses
> are more
> commonly written in the left and right margins.
> ashok aklujkar
witzel at fas.harvard.edu
Dept. of Sanskrit & Indian Studies, Harvard University
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