mana in heart or head

Jarrod L. Whitaker whitakjl at WFU.EDU
Thu Apr 9 15:11:32 UTC 2009

The Rgveda predominantly correlates manas with the heart (haardi/hrd; 
hrdaya), though this is not to say it resides there. What is more, at 
RV.2.12.1, we read of Indra: "The god, who when just born with the foremost 
intellect (manasvaan), surrounded the gods due to (his) resolve (kratu)"; 
and kratu ("resolve, purpose, determination") is explicitly "in the head" 
( at RV.2.16.2d). I am sure somebody must have written on this in 
the Vedic context...(Gonda, Bodewitz?)

Jarrod L. Whitaker, Ph.D.
Assistant Professor, South Asian Religions

Wake Forest University
Department of Religion
P.O. Box 7212
Winston-Salem, NC  27109
whitakjl at
p 336.758.4162
f 336.758.4462

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