Michael Witzel witzel at FAS.HARVARD.EDU
Wed Mar 10 21:20:04 UTC 1999

I  think the phrasing in Harper's make it likely that there is a confusion
(which I leave to Tamil specialists to clarify). It looks to me that the 5
famous *regions* (mountaineous. coastal, etc.) in Sangam poetry are

On the other hand,  the listing of the 5 *countries* incl. Gujarat and
Maharastra exactly fits the division of "southern" Brahmins (panca
drAviDa) --  as opposed to the 5 northern groups (panca gauDa).
The Gujarati and Maharastrian Brahmins as "Dravida!" There is a map in
Schwartzberg's Historical Atlas.


> "Ancient Tamil tradition speaks of five Dravidian regions, viz., Andhra or
> Telugu and the Kanarese countries, the Maharashtra or Maratha provinces,
> and Gujarat."

Michael Witzel                       witzel at
my direct line (also for messages) :  617- 496 2990

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