Paired Horse and PIE breakup

Paul Kekai Manansala kekai at JPS.NET
Sat Nov 7 02:58:32 UTC 1998

N. Ganesan wrote:
> Agreed that horses and men were buried together.
> But no man's body with horse's head in those burials.

Not in India or Europe either. Wasn't there only one such burial found
in Sintashta?

> Also, are there textual sources to compare
> rituals between Manchuria to Eastern Europe?
> If so, how old are they?

Well, there are different textual sources that give cultural
descriptions of the Scythians and Hsiung-nu, for example.  Herodotus
tells us a lot about the Scythians.  Information on the Hsiung-nu comes
from various Chinese sources including the official imperial histories.

Hippocrates uses the Scythians as an example of how the human body is
affected by extreme cold temperatures.  He explains the short stocky
build, lack of facial hair and "humidity" or lack of definition of
facial features as a result of the effect of climate.

> Thank God! Aryans or Dravidians were not this violent :-)

Wait a minute, Manu commands pouring molten lead into the ears of Sudras
who dared listen to the Vedas!

Paul Kekai Manansala
> Regards,
> N. Ganesan
> ----------------------------
> Regarding the Altaic culture, the similarities between Hsiung-nu and
> later Turko-Mongol culture with the culture ascribed to Scythians by
> Herodotus and others is well-known.  Here is a partial list:
> 1. The joint burial of humans with horses often oriented toward East.
> 2. Fully nomadic society on horseback.
> 3. Slitting the throat of the chief's wife and servants on tomb
> 4. Cutting one's enemy's skull at eyebrow level, inlaying with gold
>     and covering with leather to make a drinking cup.
> 5. Head-hunting.
> 6. Hanging scalps of victims from bridles.
> 7. Wide trousers strapped to the ankle.
> 8. Fur cap and cape.
> 9. Mourn dead by gashing face with knives so "blood flows with
>     tears."
> 10. Had flocks of sheep and herds of horses, camel and cattle.
> 11. Meat and milk diet.Rarely practiced regular agriculture.
> 12. Dressed in skins.
> 13. Wolf as totem guard and revival totem.
> 14. Used felt tents and brought women and children in wagons.
> 15. Practiced shamanism based on worship of Heaven and sacred
>       mountains.
> 16. Supreme leader summoned all tribes in the autumn for census of
>       humans and animals.
> 17. Used raiding and fleeing tactics.
> 18. Depended on mounted bowmen in battle.
> 19. Used same feigned retreat strategies.
> 20. Both were experts at firing bows to the rear while mounted.
> 21. Slept on furs.
> 22. Usually shaved head except small tuft on top.
> 23. Used similar small yet fierce pony.
> 24. Switched horses in battle.
> 25. Drank blood of horse during battle to prevent dehydration.
> 26. Usually no beard except tuft on chin.
> 27. Sheath of bow suspended from belt in front of left thigh.
> 28. Quiver attached to belt and suspended across back with arrows to
>       right.
> 29. Preferred mare's milk to other types of milk.
> 30. Similar burial in raised mounds.
> 31. Similar "plank and file" coffins
> 32. Similar bows
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