[Re: SV: method of dating RV, III]

S.Kalyanaraman kalyan99 at NETSCAPE.NET
Tue Nov 3 03:22:43 UTC 1998

>                          From Antiquity, Sept 1995 v69 n264 p554(12)>       
                  Horse, wagon & chariot: Indo-European>                      
   languages and archaeology. David W. Anthony.

> <<<<<<<<<<<<<

>    However, at about 2000 BC ... the Sintashta-Petrovka culture,
> established compact, heavily fortified settlements in the northern
> steppes east of the Urals; engaged in bronze metallurgy on  an
> unprecedented scale; raised herds of cattle, sheep, and horses;
> and practised complex mortuary rituals that parallel in many specific
> details the Aryan rituals described in the Rig-Veda (Anthony &
> Vinogradov 1995 ; Gening et al. 1992; Kuzmina 1994: 226-8; Parpola
> 1995). Vehicles, buried in the richer Sintashta-Petrovka graves,
> as they had been earlier in Yamna graves, now included spoke-wheeled
> chariots, buried with two-horse chariot teams. Recent AMS
> dates of 2000 BC have established that these are the oldest
> directly dated chariots (or, some would argue, proto-chariots) in the
> ancient world.(2) It is likely that Sintashta-Petrovka represents
> the ancestral Indo-Iranians, whose traditions were later carried
> into India and Iran.

Would appreciate additional references to archaeological reports related to
the bronze metallurgy finds in the Sintashta-Petrovka culture and the
rationale for the comparisons with the "aryan rituals described in Rigveda".
Any reference to soma? Do the metallurgical finds compare with artifacts found
in Mesopotamia or IVC? Any seals or inscriptions?


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