Sarasvati (texts & arch.III)
witzel at FAS.HARVARD.EDU
Mon May 25 13:42:34 UTC 1998
On Mon, 25 May 1998, Miguel Carrasquer Vidal wrote:
> >This is useful, as it pushes back the date of the preceding *Indo-Iranian*
> >cultural and linguistic period a bit (to what? 2000 BC, 2500 BC. Nobody
> Am I to interpret that as that you agree with me that the IE element
> in Mitanni Hurrian is *Indo-Iranian* not necessarily Indo-Aryan
> (after all, Proto-Indo-Iranian "1" may have been *aika, right?)?
We do not now, it is likely Pre_Indo_Aryan, precisely because of
aika(-vartana) = Pre-Vedic aika > Ved. eka. In Pre-Old-Iranian it would
have been *aiva as in the old Iran. languages. Seems to be an old dialect
difference. But a slim one.
The usual other arguments (Varuna, Nasatya) don't work that well (due to
the reform of Zoroaster: Ahura Mazda, *one* Nanghaithya in Videvdad).
At any rate, the form of the IIr language in Mitanni is pre-Vedic : IIr
sounds are preserved, *zdh, in Priyamazda :: Ved. priyamedha :: Avest.
-mazda... But I suppose you are well aware of all of this...
>> the breakdown of the Bactrian civ. etc.
> What does "Bactrian civilization" refer to exactly? I suspect the
> area of urban settlememts along the Amu Darya (Shortugai, Namazga)
> all the way to Shah Tepe etc. on the Caspian, but I'm not familiar
> with the term.
Sorry, just short for the *pre* - Bactria-Margiana archaeological complex
(minus Shortugai! which has Harappan connections:trading post?), with a
destruction horizon before the BMAC:
The BMAC is dated by Hiebert, (Erdosy, The Indo-Aryans, p.192 sqq.) at
1900-1700 BC.: "the *intrusive* (his italics) BMAC burials has suggested a
movements of population from Central Asia into ... Iranian plateau..."
Michael Witzel witzel at fas.harvard.edu
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