Astronomy in ViSNupurANa
NACHAR at MSUVX1.MEMPHIS.EDU
Fri Feb 27 13:49:27 UTC 1998
>At 09:14 PM 2/26/98 +0500, I wrote:
>>parAzarA is supposed to be one of the famous ancient astronomers.
>>But in viSNupurANa he appears to believe that the Sun in addition to going
>>round the zodaic once in an year, goes round the zodaic once
>>in a day also as can be seen from the following verses in viSNupurANa.
>> ahOrAtrENa yO bhuKktE samastA rAzayO dvija 2.45.(2)
>> SaDEva rAzIn yO bhuKktE rAtrAvanyAJsca SaDdivA 2.46(1)
>>But this could have been easily found to be incorrect by the observation
>>at the time of a total solar eclipse.
>>Thank you in advance for any elucidation of this.
>The sloka numbers are given wrongly. They should be
> ahOrAtrENa yO bhuKktE samastA rAzayO dvija 2.8.45.(2)
> SaDEva rAzIn yO bhuKktE rAtrAvanyAJsca SaDdivA 2.8.46(1)
>Observation of the stars just after sunset also should convince one
>that Sun does not go round the zodiac daily.
There is a very simple explanation of this statement.
Please refer to VP (1. 3. 10):
ayanam dakSiNam rAtrirdevAnAm uttaram dinam
The ahorAtra referred (2.8.45-6) is the ahoratra of the devAs, which
corresponds to one year of the mAnavAs. Hence the sun progresses through all
the rAzi s in one ahorAtra.
It is unfortunate that sometimes the statements are misunderstood and comments
about the incapability of simple observations by ancient Indian astronomers are
hurled. Pingree swears that Indian astronomers were not interested in making
the simplest of observations.
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