srini_pichumani at MENTORG.COM
Tue Dec 8 19:00:38 UTC 1998
As regards Nataraja's earring(s), here is what Kamil Zvelebil says in
his recent monograph "Ananda tANDava of S'iva-sadAnrttamUrti" :
"The difference of the two earrings is of course of utmost
iconographic-iconologic importance: the fact that one earring is the
patrakuNDala, i.e. the twisted golden palm leaf in the left ear-lobe as
worn by village belles, whereas the other earring is the
makarakuNDala, i.e. the man's ornamental earring in the shape of a
crocodile, this fact symbolizes the unity of the male and the female,
the dual nature of the Lord, the ardhanArIs'vara concept."
In the footnotes to patrakuNDala, he says "other name: karNapatra,
In the next footnote, he says "Sometimes, the right earlobe of
naTarAja remains free of ornament."
Harsha V. Dehejia wrote:
> Nataraja wears a female earring in his left ear (kundala) while his
> right ear, though pierced, is bare. One can explain this by child like
> stories which say that his right earring fell off while dancing. The
> truth of the matter is that Nataraja is an ardhanirshvara and
> therefore must express his feminine aspect. This is stylised by the
> kundala. Nataraja cannot be in a state of ananda (bliss) without a
> dynamic harmony of purusha and prakriti, Shiva and Parvati, male and
> female. This is the foundational doctrine of Kashmir Shaivism.
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