Gary J Hausman gjh8 at columbia.edu
Mon Mar 31 21:44:09 UTC 1997

With reference to "Twilight Language,' if you check out one of Ganesan's
references  - T.N. Ganapathy's _The Philosophy of the Tamil Siddhas_ - you
will find an entire chapter on this topic: Chapter 7 entitled 'The
Twilight Language of the Tamil Siddhas.' Actually, this was originally an
article by Ganapathy, and he constructed his book around it.


On Mon, 31 Mar 1997, George Thompson wrote:

> I'm pretty sure that the source of Waldman's remarks is Eliade's "Yoga:
> Immortality and Freedom", since it refers briefly to sandhyA-bhASA [in the
> Kyoto-Harvard transcription system], and since all of the Beats were
> reading Eliade [besides the book on yoga, there was a lot of interest in
> his book on Shamanism].
> You might check out the now classic study of S. Das Gupta [upon which
> Eliade depended greatly], "Obscure Religious Cults" [3rd edit., 1969], who
> by the way suggests that the alternation between sandhA- [i.e.,
> "intentional" language] and sandhyA- [i.e., "twilight" language; cf.
> "sandhi"] is not due to scribal error but to intentional double-sense.
> There is a lot of more recent literature on this, which specialists might
> want to recommend, but these two books seem to me to have the best chance
> of being the ones that Waldman, Kerouac, et al., were familiar with.
> Best wishes
> George Thompson

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