<html>
<head>
<meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=utf-8">
<style type="text/css" style="display:none;"> P {margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;} </style>
</head>
<body dir="ltr">
<div style="font-family: Calibri, Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif; font-size: 12pt; color: rgb(0, 0, 0);">
<div style="margin: 0px; font-family: Calibri, Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif; font-size: 12pt; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255)">
Dear Mr. Spier,</div>
<div style="margin: 0px; font-family: Calibri, Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif; font-size: 12pt; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255)">
<br>
</div>
<div style="margin: 0px; font-family: Calibri, Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif; font-size: 12pt; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255)">
Could it perhaps be a reference to Kṛṣṇānanda Āgamavāgīśa, the Tāntrika? See, e.g., <i>Encountering Kālī,<span> </span></i>ed. McDermott and Kripal, p. 54.</div>
<div style="margin: 0px; font-family: Calibri, Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif; font-size: 12pt; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255)">
<br>
</div>
<div style="margin: 0px; font-family: Calibri, Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif; font-size: 12pt; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255)">
Best wishes,</div>
<div style="margin: 0px; font-family: Calibri, Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif; font-size: 12pt; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255)">
Michael</div>
<div style="margin: 0px; font-family: Calibri, Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif; font-size: 12pt; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255)">
<br>
</div>
<div style="margin: 0px; font-family: Calibri, Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif; font-size: 12pt; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255)">
<span style="margin: 0px; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal">Michael S. Allen</span></div>
<div style="margin: 0px; font-family: Calibri, Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif; font-size: 12pt; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255)">
<span style="margin: 0px; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal">Assistant Professor</span></div>
<div style="margin: 0px; font-family: Calibri, Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif; font-size: 12pt; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255)">
<span style="margin: 0px; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal">Dept. of Religious Studies</span></div>
<div style="margin: 0px; font-family: Calibri, Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif; font-size: 12pt; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255)">
<span style="margin: 0px; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal">University of Virginia</span></div>
<br>
</div>
<div id="appendonsend"></div>
<hr style="display:inline-block;width:98%" tabindex="-1">
<div id="divRplyFwdMsg" dir="ltr"><font face="Calibri, sans-serif" style="font-size:11pt" color="#000000"><b>From:</b> INDOLOGY <indology-bounces@list.indology.info> on behalf of Harry Spier via INDOLOGY <indology@list.indology.info><br>
<b>Sent:</b> Friday, October 25, 2019 10:57 AM<br>
<b>To:</b> Indology <indology@list.indology.info><br>
<b>Subject:</b> [INDOLOGY] Name of kāli in ādyākālikāstotram</font>
<div> </div>
</div>
<div>
<div dir="ltr">
<div dir="ltr">
<div dir="ltr">
<div dir="ltr">
<div dir="ltr">Dear list members,
<div><br>
</div>
<div>In verse 3 of the ādyākālikāstotram (hundred names of Kali)</div>
<div>
<p class="x_gmail-western" style="margin-bottom:0in; line-height:100%"><font face="URW Palladio ITU, serif"><font style="font-size:14pt"><span style="background-image:initial; background-position:initial; background-size:initial; background-repeat:initial; background-origin:initial; background-clip:initial">kṛpāmayī
 kṛpādhārā kṛpāpārā kṛpāgamā | </span></font></font></p>
<p class="x_gmail-western" align="left" style="margin-bottom:0in; line-height:100%">
<font face="URW Palladio ITU, serif"><font style="font-size:14pt"><span style="background-image:initial; background-position:initial; background-size:initial; background-repeat:initial; background-origin:initial; background-clip:initial">kṛśānuḥ kapilā kṛṣṇā
 kṛṣṇānandavivarddhinī || 3 ||</span></font></font></p>
<p class="x_gmail-western" align="left" style="margin-bottom:0in; line-height:100%">
<font face="URW Palladio ITU, serif"><font style="font-size:14pt"><span style="background-image:initial; background-position:initial; background-size:initial; background-repeat:initial; background-origin:initial; background-clip:initial"><br>
</span></font></font></p>
<p class="x_gmail-western" align="left" style="margin-bottom:0in; line-height:100%">
<font face="URW Palladio ITU, serif">I've seen </font>kṛṣṇānandavivarddhinī translated as "the one who increases the bliss of Krishna", but it seemed strange to me that the god Krishna would be mentioned in a hymn to Kali (or is it?).  Are there other translations
 of  kṛṣṇānandavivarddhinī that would  make more sense in this context?</p>
<p class="x_gmail-western" align="left" style="margin-bottom:0in; line-height:100%">
Thanks,</p>
<p class="x_gmail-western" align="left" style="margin-bottom:0in; line-height:100%">
Harry Spier</p>
<div><br>
</div>
</div>
</div>
</div>
</div>
</div>
</div>
</div>
</body>
</html>