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    <p>Dear Jonathan and Dominik, <br>
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    <p>I just had the very same thoughts. I'm not an expert of law
      either, but technically speaking, the BORI Mahābhārata is not
      simply an edition, but a new text created by its editors between
      1919 and 1966. The editors are, in this case, actually authors,
      who obviously transferred their copyright to the still existing
      BORI. So unless an ancient and complete manuscript appears which
      contains the very same text as the BORI Mahābhārata (very
      unlikely, I would say), the BORI holds the copyright of its text.
      According to German law (mentioned by Dominik), however, it does
      not – 25 years have long gone past since the publication of the
      original edition. The co-owned copyright of Prof. Tokunaga (1994),
      too, would expire this year – in Germany. <br>
    </p>
    <p>Of course, authors also have the copyright to transcriptions of
      their text – just imagine someone would transcribe a talk you give
      and then publish it as their own text. I would argue that creating
      an electronic transcription of a (copyrighted) Devanāgarī text
      isn't much different. <br>
    </p>
    <p>Best regards, <br>
    </p>
    <p>Dominik A. Haas</p>
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                                color:rgb(128,128,128); font-size:9px"><b>Dominik
                                  Haas, BA MA</b> <br>
                                PhD student, University of Vienna<br>
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                                              <a moz-do-not-send="true"
                                                09:33="" 08.10.2018=""
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                                                id="orcid">dominik.haas@univie.ac.at</a><br>
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                                                0000-0002-8505-6112</a>
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    <div class="moz-cite-prefix">Am 01.10.2019 um 10:14 schrieb Dominik
      Wujastyk via INDOLOGY:<br>
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cite="mid:CAKdt-Cd+Q=Niiw9NZX5Vzhvc21M2NrhZ8Zq6dDYWVcGFAdSwEQ@mail.gmail.com">
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        <div style="font-family:trebuchet ms,sans-serif;font-size:small"
          class="gmail_default">Copyright is a slippery beast.  But the
          law is not *that* difficult in broad outline.<br>
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        <div style="font-family:trebuchet ms,sans-serif;font-size:small"
          class="gmail_default">What you say, Jonathan, about not being
          able to claim copyright over editions, is definitely wrong. 
          One can.  Authors, editors, and publishers do so all the
          time.  It's routinely printed on the back of the title page.<br>
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        <div style="font-family:trebuchet ms,sans-serif;font-size:small"
          class="gmail_default">There *is* a precedent of some sort
          specifically in German law that copyright on an edition
          expires after 25 years, and not the usual 60 or 70 years after
          the death of the author.  Some other countries are looking at
          this German law and behaving accordingly.  See  <br>
        </div>
        <div style="font-family:trebuchet
          ms,sans-serif;font-size:small;margin-left:40px"
          class="gmail_default">Margoni, Thomas and Perry, Mark,
          Scientific and Critical Editions of Public Domain Works: An
          Example of European Copyright Law (Dis)Harmonization (November
          18, 2011). Canadian Intellectual Property Review, Vol. 27, p.
          157. Available at SSRN: <a
            href="https://ssrn.com/abstract=1961535"
            moz-do-not-send="true">https://ssrn.com/abstract=1961535</a>
          (<a
href="https://www.dropbox.com/s/mb8mc9rpsc1q2wb/Margoni%202011%20SSRN-id1961535.pdf?dl=0"
            moz-do-not-send="true">PDF)</a><br>
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        <div>
          <div style="font-family:trebuchet
            ms,sans-serif;font-size:small" class="gmail_default">But
            copyright inheres in all sorts of things.  So, a book
            contains text written by an author.  The author has
            copyright of that (unless they sign it away).  But the book
            also has a certain design, created by a book designer.  That
            may be subject to copyright, if it is particularly
            original.  Someone created the typeface and owns the
            copyright of that.  So you could get the author's permission
            to photocopy the book and the designer and typeface creators
            could still sue you for breach of their copyright.  It's all
            very vexing.</div>
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          <div style="font-family:trebuchet
            ms,sans-serif;font-size:small" class="gmail_default">In the
            case of the Mbh, I think there's a arguable case that BORI
            owns copyright of the text, but Prof. Tokunaga co-owns
            copyright of the electronic transcription.  Because he made
            something new and unique, especially by dividing compounds
            and so forth, thereby creatively adding original content.</div>
          <div style="font-family:trebuchet
            ms,sans-serif;font-size:small" class="gmail_default"><br>
          </div>
          <div style="font-family:trebuchet
            ms,sans-serif;font-size:small" class="gmail_default">The
            Wikipedia <a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Copyright"
              moz-do-not-send="true">page on Copyright </a>and on <a
              href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Copyright_infringement"
              moz-do-not-send="true">infringement</a> are good,
            incidentally.  As the latter page says, <br>
          </div>
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          <div style="font-family:trebuchet
            ms,sans-serif;font-size:small;margin-left:40px"
            class="gmail_default">Shifting public expectations, advances
            in digital technology, and the increasing reach of the
            Internet have led to such widespread, anonymous infringement
            that copyright-dependent industries now focus less on
            pursuing individuals who seek and share copyright-protected
            content online, and more on expanding copyright law to
            recognize and penalize, as indirect infringers, the service
            providers and software distributors who are said to
            facilitate and encourage individual acts of infringement by
            others. <br>
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          <div style="font-family:trebuchet
            ms,sans-serif;font-size:small" class="gmail_default">So
            while it's unlikely that you personally would be pursued for
            putting the BORI Mbh on your website, the website maintainer
            or even hosting business might be pursued.<br>
          </div>
          <br>
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        <div><span class="gmail_default" style="font-family:trebuchet
            ms,sans-serif;font-size:small">Best,</span></div>
        <div><span class="gmail_default" style="font-family:trebuchet
            ms,sans-serif;font-size:small">Dominik</span></div>
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