[INDOLOGY] Question regarding Ācāryaśāpa

Madhav Deshpande mmdesh at umich.edu
Wed Jun 7 08:52:27 EDT 2017


I want to thank you all for these wonderful references to anācāras.  I will
incorporate all this information in my work.  Best,

Madhav Deshpande
Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA

On Wed, Jun 7, 2017 at 8:44 AM, Asko Parpola <aparpola at gmail.com> wrote:

> I am resending an earlier message, which apparently did not reach indology
> list because google could not deliver it to the address of Nagaraj.
> Christophe has already given the reference, but here are more details and
> how you can download pdf(s):
>
> On the anācāras of the Kerala Brahmins, see the appendices to my wife
> Marjatta Parpola's book "Kerala Brahmins in transition: A study of a
> Nampūtiri family" (Studia Orientalia 91), Helsinki: The Finnish Oriental
> Society, xii, 436 pp. In the appendices (pp. 403-425)  I reproduce
> Śāṅkarasmṛti 1,12,4 in Sanskrit and its Malayalam commentary with an
> annotated English translation of the former. My wife then discusses
> Logan's, Fawcett's and S. Venkitasubramonia Iyer's discussions of these
> rules, and finally I reproduce Gundert's Keral'-achara-sancshepam.
> Pdf(s) of the book('s chapters) can be downloaded freely from
>
> http://journal.fi/store/issue/archive
>
>
> Withe best regards and wishes, Asko
>
> On Wed, Jun 7, 2017 at 3:35 PM, Christophe Vielle via INDOLOGY <
> indology at list.indology.info> wrote:
>
>> When I wrote in my second post:
>>
>> It is possible that the portion listing the sixty four anācāras and
>> corresponding to adhyāya 12, pāda 4 of the  Laghudharmaprakāśikā, was
>> separately known as the Anācāra-nirṇaya
>>
>> (without having checked what Kane — or possibly David — says thereabout)
>> I made this conjecture on the sole basis of Burnell's statement (
>> https://archive.org/stream/ordinancesofmanu00manu#page/n55/mode/2up )
>> pointed out by Madhav:
>> "And in Malabar, Cochin and Travancore this [= the fact that "even among
>> South Indian Brahmans numberless usual practices are opposed to the
>> Sanskrit law"] is so much the case, that *a small manual called
>> the Anācāranirṇaya* has been composed to enumerate them — fn: This
>> *tract* is* attributed to Çaṅkara* of course (...)"
>> Since no Kerala manuscript appears to bear this title.
>> Now in checking dharma texts entitled ācāraḥ, ācārasaṅgrahaḥ, keral
>> ācārasaṅgrahaḥ, found in catalogues, I came across a short tract
>> entitled *Ā**cār**anirṇaya *or* Keral**ā**cār**anirṇaya* ascribed to Śaṅ
>> karācarya (several MSS. in the KUML, apparently described in the Descr.
>> Cat. Curator's Office Library as the no. 371B, i.e. in vol. 2 1938,
>> unfortunately not at hand) which must correspond to Burnell's reference
>> and deserves to be more closely regarding the Kerala… anācāra*s*.
>> Best wishes,
>> C
>>
>> PS: correct the typo in my very first post (already giving the references
>> usefully repeated by Parpola and Olivelle): "the Laghudharmaprakāśikā
>> attributed to one Śaṅkara [not Śāṅkara], also known as Śāṅkarasmṛti."
>>
>> Le 7 juin 2017 à 12:59, Olivelle, J P via INDOLOGY <
>> indology at list.indology.info> a écrit :
>>
>> Dear Madhav:
>>
>> Don Davis is the person to consult on this. There are several texts
>> written about “anācāra” — which is, contrary to what it seems, is actually
>> practices that are proper but goes against the ācāra of the smṛtis and are
>> OK in Kerala. The CESMEO published a text called Śāṅkarasmṛti alias
>> Laghudharmaprakāśikā, edited and translated by N. P. Unni in 2003. In Ch.
>> 12 of that work there is a list of 64 anācāras.
>>
>> Patrick
>>
>>
>>
>> On Jun 6, 2017, at 6:06 PM, Madhav Deshpande via INDOLOGY <
>> indology at list.indology.info> wrote:
>>
>> I found an interesting reference in A. C. Burnell's The Ordinances of
>> Manu, (Intro. p. xxxvii) to a work titled Anācāranirṇaya composed in Kerala
>> to discuss "deviations" from Brahmanical Dharmaśāstras.  According the
>> footnote on this page, this work was evidently attributed to Śaṅkara.  This
>> may be the source of Śāmaśāstrī Draviḍa Dvivedi using the expression
>> ācāryaśāpadagdha to refer to these regions.  Here is the passage from
>> Burnell:
>>
>>
>> I wonder if anyone has come across this work titled Anācāranirṇaya.  Any
>> help?
>>
>> Madhav Deshpande
>> Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
>>
>> On Tue, Jun 6, 2017 at 9:53 AM, Madhav Deshpande <mmdesh at umich.edu>
>> wrote:
>>
>>> Dear Colleagues,
>>>
>>>      In one of the curious passages of the Vedavicāra (written by
>>> Śāmaśāstrī Draviḍa Dvivedī) that I am editing, the author says that though
>>> the Gurjara's are included among Drāviḍas, other Drāviḍas do not have any
>>> educational, ritual or marriage relations with them, because like the
>>> Gauḍadeśa, there is too much anācāra "immoral behavior" among them, and
>>> like the Brahmins of Kerala, they were cursed by an Ācārya, and therefore,
>>> other Drāviḍas do not have any relations with them.  Here is the passage
>>> from the text:
>>>
>>> यथा गुर्जराणां द्राविडान्तःपातिनामपि द्राविडैः सह भोजनादिसंव्यवहारादिकं
>>> नास्ति*, *तथैवाध्ययनादिकमपीति ज्ञेयम् । कुतो गुर्जराणां संव्यवहाराभाव
>>> इति चेदुच्यते । गौडदेशवद्गुर्जरदेशेऽप्यनाचारबाहुल्यात् तेषामा
>>> चार्यशापदग्धत्वात्केरलदेशीयब्राह्मणादिवत्संव्यवहाराभाव इति संक्षेपः ।
>>>
>>> If anyone has a clue as to what this Ācāryaśāpa refers to, it would help
>>> me make better sense of this passage.  Similarly, it is not clear what
>>> anācārabāhulya he is referring to in the Gauḍa/Gurjara and Kerala regions.
>>> Any suggestions will be helpful.  Best,
>>>
>>> Madhav Deshpande
>>> Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
>>>
>>
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>>
>> –––––––––––––––––––
>> Christophe Vielle <http://www.uclouvain.be/christophe.vielle>
>> Louvain-la-Neuve
>>
>>
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>
>
>
> --
> Asko Parpola, aparpola at gmail.com
> http://orcid.org/0000-0002-9484-3732
>
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