[INDOLOGY] Fwd: matta-matanga-lilakara dandaka

Buchta, David david_buchta at brown.edu
Thu Mar 5 13:31:53 EST 2015


Dear Venetia,

 Rūpa Gosvāmin uses a *mattamātaṅgalīlākara *meter in the 11th poem of his
*Chando'ṣṭādaśa* in the *Stavamālā *(pp. 200-203 in the Kāvyamālā 84
edition, with the discussion of the meter at the end). His commentator,
Baladeva Vidyābhūṣaṇa, cites a definition that appears in the
Prākṛtapiṅgala 2.303 (p. 230 in Kāvyamālā 41), but Baladeva attributes the
definition to the *Vṛttaratnākara. *Though the meter is not mentioned in
the *Vṛttaratnākara, *it is discussed in Nārāyaṇa Bhaṭṭa's commentary
thereupon (pp. 121-122 in Śarmā's 1962 edition, Kashi Sanskrit Series 55).

 I should note that the definition considered in these sources does not
match yours, in that it does not, as *daṇḍaka*s usually do, have two
initial *na*-s. *Prākṛtapiṅgala *2.303: *yatra rephaḥ paraṁ svecchayā
gumphitaḥ sa smṛto daṇḍako mattamātaṅgalīlākaraḥ.* (Neither the definition
itself nor the following *udāharaṇa* have intitial *na*-s, so these cannot
be assumed from larger *daṇḍaka *patterns.) Nor have I seen any discussion
of subtypes, such as you mention.

 I hope this helps. I have PDFs of all the texts mentioned above if you
need anything.

Regards,
David

On Thu, Mar 5, 2015 at 3:31 AM, Christophe Vielle <
christophe.vielle at uclouvain.be> wrote:

> In Dr. K. K. Geethakumary's *Metre in Sanskrit: A study with special
> reference to Vṛttāvartika of Rāmapāṇivāda,* Calicut, Calicut Sanskrit
> Series no. 30, 2008,
> - (pp. 98-99) about the *daṇḍaka*-type of "metres with more than
> twentysix syllabes per line" it is said that their names "are determined on
> the basis of the number of Ragaṇa coming after two Nagaṇas" - so as no.
> 6, the Līlākāraḥ presents two Nagaṇas and twelve Ragaṇas. Then it is
> added that in classical literature especially in devotional lyrics and
> dramas, the upper limit of the number of syllabes has not been prescribed.
> - (p. 92) a mattebha-vikrīḍita metre is given but in this case it is a
> variety of 19 syllabes/each 4 pādas metre.
>
> Cf. differently for the latter in Anundoram Borooah, *A comprehensive
> grammar of the Sanskrit language, analytical, historical and Lexicographica*l,
> vol. 10: *Prosody*, Calcutta : T.P. Brothers, 1882 (several reprints;
> available with the DLI) no. 387 (p. 147) where mattebha-vikrīḍita is a
> variety of 20 syllabes/each 4 pādas metre; the same pp. 159-160 (no. 443)
> has what you are searching for : the mattamātaṅgalīlākara as a variety of
> "other  *daṇḍaka*-s", in which "every foot consists of nine or more
> middle lights" (with example).
>
> Hope it can help,
> Best wishes,
> Christophe
>
> Le 5 mars 2015 à 05:03, Venetia Kotamraju <venetia.ansell at gmail.com> a
> écrit :
>
> Dear list,
> Does anyone have any information on a particular type of dandaka called
> the Matta-matanga-lilakara?
>
> It consists of four padas which each start with two na-ganas (u u u) and
> then an unfixed amount of ra-ganas (- u -).
>
> I came across it with reference to the Shyamala Dandaka which falls into
> this category - although the Shyamala Dandaka has five padas rather than
> four. I am wondering where the name came from (could it be related to the
> Matangi of Shyamala Dandaka). I would also be grateful if anyone could
> tell me of any other dandakas that fall into this category.
>
> Thank you in advance.
>
> Venetia
>
> --
> Venetia Kotamraju
> +91 997230 5440
> www.rasalabooks.com
> www.venetiaansell.wordpress.com
>
>
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>
> –––––––––––––––––––
> Christophe Vielle <http://www.uclouvain.be/christophe.vielle>
> Louvain-la-Neuve
>
>
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-- 
David Buchta
Lecturer in Sanskrit
Department of Classics
Brown University
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