Use of "World" in invocatory verse

george thompson gthomgt at COMCAST.NET
Sun Mar 21 08:18:05 EDT 2010


Hello George,

Regarding the Vedic material, there is Jan Gonda's *Loka: World and 
Heaven in the Veda* in Verhandelingen der Koninklijke Nederlandse Akad. 
v. Wetenschappen, Afd. Letterkunde, N.R. -- Deel LXXIII, no. 1 [1966].  
Its last chapter touches briefly on some post-Vedic usages.

Hope this helps.

George Thompson

George Hart wrote:

>It is customary to use the word "ulakam" -- "world" (probably from Skt. loka) -- in invocatory verses (kaṭavuḷ vāḻttu) in Tamil.  "World" is also found in some invocations in Sanskrit (e.g. the first verse of the Raghuvaṃśa -- jagataḥ pitarau).  Does anyone know of any articles on this custom?  I have a student who needs to research it further.  (It's worth noting also that the RV has what is called "avai aṭakkam" in Tamil, in which the poet says in the most poetic possible language what a worthless poet he is, something also found commonly in Tamil). -- Thanks -- George Hart
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