A Small Query: Scientific Transcription of Sanskrit
hwtull at MSN.COM
Tue Jan 11 23:43:01 EST 2005
There is an interesting note on this in the Monier-Williams Sanskrit English Dictionary (p. xxx). Apparently the debate on transliteration was heated, even leading to letters in the "Times." MW notes that Sir Charles Trevelyan cleared away much of the confusion regarding transliteration in "his able minute, dated Calcutta, January, 1834."
In 1879, in his Introduction to the Sacred Books of the East (Vol. I), F. Max Mueller described in detail his proposal for a "Missionary Alphabet" (which he notes he first proposed in 1854). The system uses some familiar diacriticals, but largely depends on italicized letters (italicized "k" for "c"; italicized "t" to represent retroflexion). Unfortunately, Madonell adopts the SBE system for his "Practical Sanskrit English Dictionary" (1924).
Oddly enough, though, Mueller's 1870 Sanskrit Grammar uses the "modern system" (with the exception of ch and chh for c and ch).
----- Original Message -----
From: Christophe Vielle<mailto:vielle at ORI.UCL.AC.BE>
To: INDOLOGY at liverpool.ac.uk<mailto:INDOLOGY at liverpool.ac.uk>
Sent: Tuesday, January 11, 2005 5:40 PM
Subject: Re: A Small Query: Scientific Transcription of Sanskrit
It is the Tenth Congress of Orientalists in 1894.
See J. Burgess, "The Transliteration of Oriental Alphabets" in Actes du
Dixième Congrès International des Orientalistes, session de Genève, 1894,
second part, Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1897, pp. 25-42.
>Dear List Members,
>Does anyone of you know when exactly and where the present transcription of
>Sanskrit was introduced - to be uniformly used by indologists all over?
>That with macrons over vovels, dots under to mark retroflexes, acute over s
>to make it denote palatal sibilant, small circle under sonantal l and r.
>Etc. I kind of remember that it was done at some International Congress -
>Your help will be greatly appreciated.
>University of Warsaw
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Dr. Christophe Vielle
Centre d'Etudes de l'Inde et de l'Asie du Sud
Place Blaise Pascal 1
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E-mail: vielle at ori.ucl.ac.be<mailto:vielle at ori.ucl.ac.be>
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