NCC / Yoga in 6 a;ngas

Kengo Harimoto kharimot at SAS.UPENN.EDU
Tue Nov 20 17:30:05 EST 2001


In addition to already pointed out material...

The controversial (in terms of authorship) commentary on the
Yogabhaa.sya, the Vivara.na says other yoga"saastras have 6
a"ngas: (1952 ed. p.211, ll. 17--19)

    nanu ca yoga"saastraantare.sv aasanaadiiny eva .sa.d a"ngaani|
    tad yathaa ````.sa.da"ngo yoga ucyate'''' ityaadi|
    ki.m ca saak.saad aasanaadiiny eva samaadher upakurvanti na
    yamaniyamau||

Nyaayasuutra 4.2.46 and the Bhaa.sya on it may also be interesting in
that it separates yama and niyama from yoga (or yoga"saastra).
According to the NBh, yoga"saastra consists of tapas, pratyaahaara,
dhyaana, dhaaranaa, and yogaacaaravidhi.

NS~4.2.46: tadartha.m
    yamaniyamaabhyaasaat sa.mskaaro yogaac
    caadhyaatmavidhyupaayai.h}.

NBh~4.2.26:  tasyaapavargasyaadhigamaaya yamaniyamaabhyaam aatmasa.mskaara.h|
    yama.h samaanam aa"srami.naa.m dharmasaadhanam, niyamas tu
    vi"si.s.tam| aatmasa.mskaara.h punar adharmahaana.m dharmopacaya"s
    ca| yoga"saastraac caadhyaatmavidhi.h pratipattavya.h| sa punas
    tapa.h praa.naayaama.h pratyaahaaro dhyaana.m dhaara.neti|
    indriyavi.saye.su prasa.mkhyaanaabhyaaso
    raagadve.saprahaa.naartha.h| upaayas tu yogaacaaravidhaanam
    iti

In consistent with these and other accounts on the 6 a"nga yoga, the
first reference Vielle Christophe quotes (those two fragments are not
conntinuous, are they?) seems to refer to ``yoga dharmas---yama,
etc.---and 6 a"ngas''.  But honestly, it is hard to tell without
knowing how the word ends.

I've never seen 6 a"nga yoga that includes yama and niyama as a"ngas.

--
kengo



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