Tamil words in English
erik.seldeslachts at RUG.AC.BE
Wed Feb 11 11:19:50 EST 1998
> ---"Dominique.Thillaud" wrote:
> > >>I am sure it is a Tamil loanword appearing not only in English but
> also in
> > >>other European languages (e.g. Czech ryze via Greek oryza).
> > 'a' --> Gr. 'o' is incredible.
> > We know in ancient Greek two words for the rice:
> > o'ruza is considered as borrowed from eastern iranian (see afgan
> > ori'ndEs is considered as borrowed from western iranian (see persan
> > (for "wr" --> Gr. "or", see Schwyzer, Gr.Gr. 1,313, n.2)
> > Both are probably related to the vedic vrIhi'.
> > The first greek word give Latin oryza --> Italian rizo and all
> > other western names.
> > A long time before the Indo-Portuguese ...
> > It's highly probable that vriZE, birinj, vrIhi are not
> > but loan words (rice is an eastern plant), nevertheless a link with
> > arici seems phonetically curious.
The statement "'a' --> Gr. 'o' is incredible" is not correct; in fact it is rather
frequent. However, that does not mean that this rule applies in this case: oryza is not
from arici. Your derivation from Iranian is probably the right one.
Arici itself is probably a loanword from early Indo-Aryan *vrIjhi (p vrIhi). There are some
names for 'rye' in European languages which suggest a possible Indo-European connection:
Greek briza (from Thracian?), Lithuanian rugiai, German Roggen, Dutch rogge, English rye.
More information about the INDOLOGY