Georg von Simson
g.v.simson at easteur-orient.uio.no
Thu Jul 17 04:58:35 EDT 1997
Are not most of your questions answered by NIlakaNTha in his commentary? He
has a lot to say about these things. Or do you not trust him?
Ferrini's question was:
> Dear Indologists,
> We are working on a translation of the Mahabharata into Italian and
>in the Sabha-parvan, chapters 5,11 and 35, we had difficulty understanding the
>cultural and technical meaning of some terms.
> Since we are adding footnotes for such terms, we would greatly
>appreciate any elucidation concerning these points along with your sources
>i.e: title, page, author, publisher,etc.
> Thank-you for your kind attention and any information you can offer
>on this matter.
> Marco Ferrini
>Dialogue between Devarshi Naarada Muni and Mahaaraaja Yudhishthira:
> -shloka 8/12 "O sinless one, do you employ the six qualities of
>thus study the seven means of policy, analyzing the fourteen areas of
>strength and weakness?"
> - Footnote "the six qualities of kings".
> - Footnote "the seven means of policy".
> - Footnote "the fourteen areas of strenght and weakness".
> - shloka 12/16 "Honestly examining yourself and others, do you keep
>attend to the eight kinds of work, O Bhaarata? O Bhaarata leader, do you
>see that your six kinds of advisers are neither deprived of nor corrupted
>by wealth, and that they are truly loyal to you in all respects?"
> - Footnote "the eight kinds of works"
> - Footnote "six kinds of advisers"
> -shloka 52/56 "Is your army, equipped with the eight elements and
>kinds of strength, well led by your best fighters, and does it push back
>those who oppose you? "
> - Footnote "eight elements"
> - Footnote "four kinds of strenght"
> -shloka 68/72 "Are the five duties carefully discharged by five wise
>selfless deeds, and do they work together, O King, to bring safety to your
> - Footnote "the five duties"
> - shloka 72/76 "O lord of earth, having slept at night for the
>periods (yaamas) of three hours each, do you then arise in the final
>three-hour period, and deeply ponder your religious and practical duties? "
> - Footnote "the first two periods (yaamas) of three hours each"
>shloka 80/84 "Do physicians expert in the eight branches of medicine, true
>and devoted friends, ever attend to the well-being of your body?"
> - Footnote "the eight branches of medicine"
> SP 11
> - shloka 20/24 "Mantra, Rathantara, Harimaan, and Vasumaan, the
>with their overlord, and those called by various double names"
>- Footnote "various double names"; In sscr. naanaadvamdvair
> - shloka 28 "The years, the five-year cycles, the four kinds of
>nights, and the divine wheel of time, which is eternal, indestructible and
> - Footnote "the five-year cycles"
> - Footnote "the four kinds of days and nights"; in sscr.
> SP 35
> - shloka 24 "Intelligence, mind, the mighty wind, fire, water, sky,
>that is earth - the entire four-fould existence is situated in Krshna".
> - Footnote "four-fould existence"
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